Tooth and gum problems are common issues in today’s society. These problems can generally be prevented if you are educated about the issues that can arise and take the proper precautions by taking good care of your teeth and gums. It is important to keep the gums just as healthy as your teeth by flossing in addition to regular tooth brushing and good nutrition; otherwise, tooth and gum issues can be the result of neglect.
Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)
Bruxism is one of the conditions that can happen even if you are taking care of your teeth and gums. It is a disorder that is characterized by clenching or grinding of your teeth while you are asleep. It can be caused by stress, diet, sleeping habits or a mixture of reasons. Since you are sleeping when this occurs, it is important to inspect your teeth for abnormal wear and tear if you have discomfort in your jaw muscle; these are classic symptoms of the bruxism disorder. If you suspect bruxism, make an appointment with your dentist to see how much damage has been done; your dentist will generally provide you with a mouth guard if the damage is not extensive.
Calculus (Tarter; Stained Teeth)
Calculus is also referred to as tarter and occurs when the plaque that is in your mouth is left for long periods of time and is allowed to harden. Plaque can harden on your teeth in as little as 26 hours into calculus, or tarter, and is much more difficult to remove than plaque. When plaque becomes tarter, this can lead to tooth decay and gum disease if not removed promptly; it also allows your teeth to become stained much easier with the drinks and foods you consume. Once it has formed, it can only be removed efficiently by a dentist; make your appointment every three to six months to remove any build up of tarter.
Tooth Decay (Dental Caries; Tooth Ache)
Tooth decay can be referred to as dental caries or cavities and is a permanent condition that results from a number of preventable factors including tarter build up. Although a minor tooth ache may not be an indication of tooth decay, more moderate tooth aches can indicate the beginning of tooth decay. Those who consume a diet high in sugar and carbohydrates are at greater risk for developing tooth decay. Symptoms include any brown or dark spots on your teeth; they will progressively get larger as time goes by unless you visit a dentist for a solution. In most cases, the dentist can remove the area that has been decayed and replace it with a filling.
Gingivitis (Receding Gums; Bleeding Gums)
Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease; it is a type of gum disease that causes swelling, irritation and redness of your gums. Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of gingivitis and can be prevented with good oral health habits. If left untreated, gingivitis can result in periodontal disease and eventual tooth loss. Gingivitis can be reversed with a thorough professional cleaning as long as you continue to practice good oral health upon returning home.
Pyorrhea (Periodontal Disease; Gum Disease)
Pyorrhea is another term for periodontal disease which is a gum disease that causes your gum tissue to become inflamed, you begin to form deep pockets in your gums, your gums recede and the bones that support your teeth deteriorate. The initial step in treatment is to remove tarter and plaque that has built up; the patient must continue to practice good hygiene and proper nutrition as preventative measures.
Dentures that do not fit well can cause a number of problems in your mouth including sore spots. This is why it is important to visit your dentist if your dentures to not fit comfortably. Before visiting your dentist, make sure that your dentures are not loose in your mouth; try an adhesive to see if this helps with the way your dentures fit.